رحم الله رجلا سمحا إذا باع، وإذا اشترى، وإذا اقتضى
This book is considered one of the most important works authored by the great scholar Shaykh al-Tafsir at Darul Uloom Deoband and Shaykh al-Hadith at Jamiah Ashrafia Lahore Mawlana Muhammad Idris Khandelwi.
This work is one of the many works authored by the esteemed author in the field of Hadith and its principles (usul). The significance of this work lies in its intricate discussions of various chapters of Hadith.
The author starts with an overview of the science of Hadith and its usul, whilst also looking at the history of Hadith and its studies, with a discussion on the authoritative status of Hadith.
The second chapter discusses the different books of Hadith, their status, and commentaries authored on those books, whilst mentioning some of their salient features.
The third chapter focuses on the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم and those that came after them, and their different strata.
The fourth chapter delves into the discussion of the relationship between Hadith and Fiqh, distinguishing between the scholars of Hadith and Fiqh, and establishing the need of the Muhaddithun for the Fuqaha.
The final chapter discusses the relationship between the Hanafi school and the science of Hadith, beginning with the life of Imam Abu Hanifah and his relationship with the Muhaddithun of his time, and then discussing the methodology of the Imam in deriving legal rulings from Hadith, as well as the distinguishing characteristics of the Hanafi School.